901

901 - 001

Turkey emerged from the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I ( 1914 – 1918 ).  Unlike most Middle Eastern countries, Turkey won its independence soon after the war and quickly developed into a modernized state based on Western political models.  

DATE LAST EDITED:  04-2020 

901 - 002

The 2011 Arab Spring has placed the issue of Islam and democracy back on top of the international agenda.  While these democratic revolts were initially celebrated in the West, the popularity and rise of Islamist parties, with their frequent references to Shari‘a, after the demise of longstanding dictators, has cast a shadow of doubt over the future democratic prospects for the Arab-Islamic world. 

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

901 - 003

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (b. 1954) is a Turkish politician.  Few prime ministers have had a greater impact on Turkish political life than Tayyip Erdoğan.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

901 - 004

On 15 July 2016, a coup d’état was attempted in Turkey against state institutions, including the government and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.  The attempt was carried out by a faction within the Turkish Armed Forces that organized themselves as the Peace at Home Council.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

901 - 005

Fethullah Gülen (b. 1941), the founder of Turkeyʾs largest faith-oriented Islamic movement, is one of the countryʾs most important Muslim thinkers and a prolific writer.  His followers collectively constitute the Gülen movement, a branch of one of the strongest Islamic movements in Turkey, the Nurcus, founded by Said Nursî (1876–1960) in the early years of the Turkish Republic.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

901 - 006

The Gülen Movement (GM), called “Hizmet” [service] by loyalists and “Cemaat” [community] by critics), refers to a collection of individuals and institutions that act in accordance with the teachings of a retired, self-exiled Muslim Turkish preacher, Muhammed Fethullah Gülen. 

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

901 - 007

In December 2015, Russia’s defense ministry said it had proof that Erdoğan and his family were benefiting from the illegal smuggling of oil from Islamic State-held territory in Syria and Iraq.  “Turkey is the main consumer of the oil stolen from its rightful owners, Syria and Iraq.”

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

901 - 008

Erdogan’s Election Machine

Is Rusty And Worn Out

On the evening of June 16, Turkey will remember a ritual of democracy that the Justice and Development Party (AKP) has made the country forget over its 17 years in power — a televised debate between political rivals Binali Yildirim of the AKP and Ekrem Imamoglu of the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), the two main contenders in the June 23 rerun of the mayoral election in Istanbul.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

901 - 009

Turkey's New Violent

Political Culture

In a most spectacular show of violence, fans of Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in April nearly lynched Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, leader of the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP).

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019