900

901 - 000

Turkey emerged from the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I ( 1914 – 1918 ).  Unlike most Middle Eastern countries, Turkey won its independence soon after the war and quickly developed into a modernized state based on Western political models.  

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DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019

902 - 000

Beginning in 2013, it became increasingly clear that al-Qaida and the Islamic State were deeply divided over ideology, each representing a competing strand of the ideological movement known as Jihadi Salafism (al- salafiyya al-jihadiyya).  As the Islamic State of Iraq restyled itself the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, then the Islamic State in full caliphal garb, its ties with al-Qaida unraveled and the ideological fissures in Jihadi Salafism, once held in abeyance, came rushing to the fore.

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DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

903 - 000

The Ottoman Empire was created by a series of conquests carried out between the early fourteenth and late sixteenth centuries by ten successive capable rulers of the Ottoman Turkish dynasty.  

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DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

904 - 000

The Spread Of Islam:

The Rise Of Islamic Empires

 And States

The Arab conquests started as sporadic tribal raids.  A proper army was probably not organized before 634, but once formed, it made expeditions eastwards towards the Sasanian empire and northwards to Palestine and Syria against the Byzantine empire.

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DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019