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ISIS, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, was the first name that was given to the organization since its territory was in Iraq and Syria. The acronym in Arabic “Dae’sh,” has four Arabic letters, D, A, E’, Sh. D stands for al-Dawla (state), A stands for al-Islamiya (Islamic), E’ stands Iraq and Sh stands for Sham (Levant).
DATE LAST EDITED: 07-2019
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ISIL is a Muslim jihadist organization striving to establish a caliphate to rule over the entire Muslim civilization and, eventually, over the entire world. A caliphate is an Islamic body ruled by a single political and religious leader, called a caliph. The caliph is regarded as successor to Muhammad and the supreme leader of all Muslims. ISIL is, without question, a Muslim group striving to be faithful to its interpretation of the Qur’an and the Sunnah, and to be faithful to Shari’a, the moral code and religious law of Islam. However, not all who claim to be Muslims have the same interpretation of the Qur’an.