621

621 - 001

Theology

The highly technical scholarship found in theological works composed under the religious discipline of kalām (literally, “the speech”), which also includes philosophical and mystical theology, differs from the commonly taught Muslim creed.  

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

621 - 002

THEOLOGY

Theology focuses on questions that concern Allah, divine will, and other articles of faith.  Referred to in Arabic as kalam (speech), theology developed in the Islamic world when early Muslim scholars defended their ideas against Christians, Jews, and other Muslims.  Islamic theologians developed a system of reasoned arguments that inspired later scholars of all religions.  Key issues include the relationship between faith and action, the nature of Allah and the Qur’an, predestination, free will, and the role of reason in interpreting scripture.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019