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The revealed books are the records which Muslims believe were dictated by Allah to various Islamic prophets throughout the history of mankind. The belief in all the revealed books is an article of faith in Islam and Muslims must believe in all the scriptures to be a Muslim.
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Reliance of the Traveller
The Classic Manual of
Islamic Sacred Law
DATE LAST EDITED: 03-2020
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There are two sources of Shari’a: The Qur’an, which many Muslims consider to be the literal word of Allah; and the “Sunnah,” the divinely guided tradition of Islam’s, Prophet Muhammad. The interpretation of Shari’a is called “fiqh,” or Islamic jurisprudence. Because fiqh is man-made, it can be changed; Shari’a, for many Muslims, is devine and cannot be changed.
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Islamic theology begins during the reign of the last two “rightly-guided” (rashidun) caliphs, ‘Uthman and ‘Ali (r.644-661).
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The followers of the twelve imams regarded as the rightful successors of the Prophet, the Ithna ‘Ashariyah, or Twelvers, the major subdivision within Shi]i Islam. The Ithna ‘Ashariyah are also known as Imamiyah because of their main tenet regarding the necessity of the imam force the establishments of the ideal Muslim community under divine revelation. The term Shi’a is generally applied to the Twelvers, despite the fact that there are other factions, such as the Ismailiyah and Zaydiyah.
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an Arabic term meaning literally “making one” or “unifying,” tawhid is considered by many to be the axial or defining doctrine of Islam.