207 – 001

207 - 001

Mehmet Ziya Gökalp

(c. 1875–1924), Turkish social scientist, writer, and nationalist.  Born in Diyarbakır to a family of mixed Turkish and Kurdish origins, Mehmet Ziya attended the Imperial Veterinary School (1896) at Istanbul, where he joined the revolutionary Committee of Union and Progress (CUP).  He was dismissed from the school, arrested, and jailed when his affiliation with the CUP was discovered by the secret police in 1897. After his release from prison, he returned to his native city and married his cousin Cevriye in 1898; they had three daughters who survived him and a son who died at an early age.  Gökalp devoted his time in Diyarbakır mostly to ethnographic research among Kurdish and Turkoman tribes and to the study of Durkheimian sociology.  Following the Young Turk revolution of July 1908, he founded a local branch of the CUP.  


207 - 002

Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī

Abū āmid al-Ghazālī (1058–1111), also spelled al-Ghazzālī, was a medieval Muslim theologian, jurist, and mystic.  Few in the intellectual history of Islam have exerted influence as powerful and varied as Abū āmid al-Ghazālī.  When he died at the age of fifty-two, he had attempted, with an exceptionally perspicacious mind and powerful pen, a grand synthesis of the Islamic sciences that has ever since evoked the wonder and admiration of scholars, both Muslim and non-Muslim.