201

201 - 001

A'ISHAH

614- 678, the third and youngest wife of the Prophet Muhammad.  Born in Mecca, she was the daughter of Abu Bakr, one of the Prophet’s most important supporters.  

 

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

201 - 002

AA GYM

 

An Indonesian preacher popularly known for hus use of the media.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

201 - 003

Abd al-Aziz, Shah (d. 1824)

Indian Islamic scholar and son of Shah Wali Allah (d. 1762), the foremost alim (also anglicized as Aleem) is one of the names of Allah in Islam, meaning “All-Knowing.”) of eighteenth-century India.  Prolific author of a wide range of works.  Known primarily for his epistles refuting Shi’ism, the most important and controversial of which is Tuhfah-i ithna ashariyah (1789 – 90).

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019

201 - 004

Abd al-Hayy

(c.1374; d. Samarkand, 1405)

Illustrator and painter.  

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019

201 - 005

Abd al-Jabbar, Qadi (d. 1024 )

 

Prominent Mutazili theologian.  An adherent of the Shafii school of law.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

201 - 006

Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

(r. 685 – 705 )

Umayyad caliph responsible for standardizing imperial coinage and collecting a corps of hadith to be interpreted by appointed faqihs (Muslim jurists), causing hadith to emerge as a cornerstone of Islamic scholarship. 

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

201 - 007

Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim


(d. ca. 578 )

Muhammad ‘s grandfather.  Cared for Muhammad after the deaths of his parents.  Died when Muhammad was eight.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

201 - 008

Abd al-Qadir


1808 – 1883

Military Leader, Scholar, and Poet.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019  

201 - 009

MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATURK

(1881 - 1938)

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938) , Turkish soldier, nationalist leader, and statesman, who founded the republic of Turkey and was its first president (1923-1938).  The name Ataturk (Father Turk) was bestowed on him in 1914 by the Grand National Assembly as a tribute for his unique service to the Turkish nation.  Ataturk was born in Salonika (now Thessaloniki, Greece), in what was then the Ottoman Empire.  He was the son of a minor official who became a timber merchant.  When Ataturk was twelve years old, he went to military schools in Salonika  and Monastir, centers of anti-Christian  Greek and Slavic nationalism.  In 1899 he attended the military academy in Istanbul, graduating as staff captain in January, 1905.

DATE LAST EDITED:  09-2019 

201 - 010

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad


(d. 1908 )

Founder of Ahmadi movement in Punjab, India, in 1889.  Claimed to be the Mahdi of Muslims, the Messiah of Christians, and the avatar of Krishna for Hindus.  Also claimed to have received revelation from God. Denied that Muhammad was the last prophet.  Prolific writer.  Devoted to the organization and expansion of his movement; debates with Sunni ulama, Christian missionaries, and Hindu revivalists; and the publication of periodicals that propagated the Ahmadi interpretation of Islam. 

DATE LAST EDITED:  06-2020