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Shi’a is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor and the Imam (leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm but was prevented caliphate as a result of Saqifah (Saqifah is significant for being the site where, after the Islamic prophet Muhammad died, some of Muhammad’s companions gathered and pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr.
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TWO MAJOR DENOMINATIONS
AND WHY THEY DISAGREE
The historic background of the Sunni–hi’a split lies in the division that occurred when the Islamic prophet Muhammad died in the year 632, leading to a dispute over the succession to Muhammad as a Caliph of the Islamic community.