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How al-Qaeda Operates:

Affiliates And Allies

Since 9/11, al-Qaeda has established a much wider network.  This includes formal affiliates that pledge “bayat” (loyalty) to al-Qaeda’s leadership, such as al-Shabaab in Somalia, as well as groups that aren’t formally dedicated to al-Qaeda’s cause but are willing to help it (like the Afghan Taliban).  Theoretically, al-Qaeda is in command of its affiliates, but in practice it doesn’t exercise complete control over their day-to-day operations.  As a result, local grievances and concerns, rather than a pure devotion to anti-American jihad, often shape the actions of members of the al-Qaeda network.  Making things more complicated, this network is constantly shaping in opaque ways, but since the rise of ISIS the state of play has shifted.

THE BLACK STANDARD

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019