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Wahhabism

(Part I)

Wahhabism is a religious movement or branch of Sunni Islam.  It has been described as “orthodox,” “ultraconservative,” “fundamentalist,” “puritanical,” and “an Islamic reform movement” designed to restore “pure monotheistic worship.”

Saudi Arabia – The Wahhabi Movement

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

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Wahhabism
(Part II)

An eighteenth-century religious revival (tajdīd) and reform (islāh) movement founded in Nejd in Saudi Arabia by the scholar and jurist Muammad Ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (1702/3–1791/2).  Although originally founded as a religious movement designed to purify society of un-Islamic practices, it took on a political dimension in 1744 when an alliance was formed between IbnʿAbd al-Wahhāb and Muammad Ibn Saʿūd (d. 1767) that placed religious scholars in an advisory and legitimating role to political authority.  This symbiotic relationship between the āl-Saʿūd and the āl āl-Shaykh (descendants of Ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb) has remained intact and continues in the present Saudi state.  

Saudi Arabia – The Wahhabi Movement

DATE LAST EDITED: 07-2019  

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Wahhabism
(Part III)

The tripling in the price of oil in the mid-1970s and the progressive takeover of Saudi Aramco in the 1974–1980 period, provided the source of much influence of Wahhabism in the Islamic World.

The financial clout of Saudi Arabia had been amply demonstrated during the oil embargo against the United States, following the Arab-Israeli war of 1973.  This show of international power, along with the nation’s astronomical increase in wealth, allowed Saudi Arabia’s puritanical, conservative Wahhabite faction to attain a preeminent position of strength in the global expression of Islam.  

 Saudi Arabia – The Wahhabi Movement

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

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Understanding ISIS:

The History Of Wahhabism

In Saudi Arabia

 

It appears — even now — that Saudi Arabia’s ruling elite is divided. Some applaud that ISIS is fighting Iranian Shi’ite “fire” with Sunni “fire”; that a new Sunni state is taking shape at the very heart of what they regard as an historical Sunni patrimony; and they are drawn by Da’ish’s strict Salafist ideology.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019