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ISLAM: AN OVERVIEW

Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashism born approximately in 570 AD in the Arabian city of Mecca.  He was orphaned at an early age; raised under the care of a paternal uncle, Abu Talib; following childhood, he primarily worked as a merchant.

“Muhammad the Apostle of Allah”

inscribed on the gates of the

Prophet’s Mosque in Medina

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019

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ISLAM

PART I

THE RELIGION

Islam is an Abrahamic, monotheistic, universal religion teaching that there is only one God (Arabic: Allah), and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.  It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24 percent of the world’s population, most commonly known as Muslims.

The Kaaba, a shrine located near the center of the Grand Mosque in Mecca, is the most sacred place in the Muslim world.  It is also called the “House of Allah.”  

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019

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Islam - Part II

Islamic Studies

Shari’a And Fiqh

Shari’a is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.  It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Qur’an and the Hadith.  

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

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Islam - Part III

Islamic Denominations

The largest denomination in Islam is Sunni Islam, which makes up 75–90 percent of all Muslims and is arguably the world’s largest religious denomination.  Sunni Muslims also go by the name Ahl as-Sunnah which means “people of the tradition [of Muhammad].”

The Imam Hussein Shrine in Karbala.

Iraq is a holy site for Shi’a Muslims.

DATE LAST EDITED:  07-2019 

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Religious Leadership

In Islam

Islamic religious leaders have traditionally been people who, as part of the clerisy, mosque, or government, performed a prominent role within their community or nation.  However, in the modern contexts of Muslim minorities in non-Muslim countries as well as secularized Muslim states like Turkey, Indonesia and Bangladesh, religious leadership may take a variety of non-formal shapes.

DATE LAST EDITED:  03-2020

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Islam: A Brief Summation

According to Islamic tradition, a man named Muhammad began receiving revelations from an angel which came directly from god, known in Islam as Allah.  These revelations were received in Mecca, a city in the Arabian Peninsula, now part of Saudi Arabia.  Born in 570 A.D., Muhammad received revelations from approximately 610 A.D. until his death in 632 A.D.  When Muhammad made his revelations known to local Jewish scholars in Mecca, declaring himself a prophet, he was rebuked.  During the first six years, only a handful of people came to Islam.  According to Islamic sources only 150 converted to Islam during its first 13 years.  (Meccan period).  Muhammad made the journey to Medina – the Hijra.  There, Muhammad made agreements with the local tribes, gained support, and raised an army.  Many people converted to Islam, and when Muhammad secured enough power, he returned to Mecca and conquered it.

DATE LAST EDITED:  06-2020